Prototype of a nano-structured sensing contact lens for noninvasive intraocular pressure monitoring
Sánchez I, Laukhin V, Moya A, Martin R, Ussa F, Laukhina E, Guimera A, Villa R, Rovira C, Aguiló J, Veciana J, Pastor JC., USA (2011)
Abstract PURPOSE: To present the application of a new sensor based on a flexible, highly piezoresistive, nanocomposite, all-organic bilayer (BL) adapted to a contact lens (CL) for non-invasive monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: A prototype of a sensing CL, adapted to a pig eyeball, was tested on different enucleated pig eyes. A rigid, gas-permeable CL was designed as a doughnut shape with a 3-mm hole, where the BL film-based sensor was incorporated. The sensor was a polycarbonate film coated with a polycrystalline layer of the highly piezoresistive molecular conductor β-(ET)₂I₃, which can detect deformations caused by pressure changes of 1 mm Hg. The pig eyeballs were subjected to controlled-pressure variations (low-pressure transducer) to register the electrical resistance response of the CL sensor to pressure changes. Similarly, a CL sensor was designed according to the anatomic characteristics of the eye of a volunteer on the research team. RESULTS: A good correlation (r² = 0.99) was demonstrated between the sensing CL electrical response, and IOP (mm Hg) changes in pig eyes, with a sensitivity of 0.4 Ω/mm Hg. A human eye test also showed the high potential of this new sensor (IOP variations caused by eye massage, blinking, and eye movements were registered). CONCLUSIONS: A new nanostructured sensing CL for continuous monitoring of IOP was validated in an in vitro model (porcine eyeball) and in a human eye. This prototype has adequate sensitivity to continuously monitor IOP. This device will be useful for glaucoma diagnosis and treatment.
Partners : CSIC
Place of Publication : USA
Date of Publication : 2011/10/21
Additional Data : 2011 Oct 21;52(11):8310-5. Print 2011.