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Solvent Dependent Assembly of a Polyfluorene-Polythiophene "Rod-Rod" Block Copolyelectrolyte: Influence on Photophysical Properties

Knaapila M, Evans RC, Gutacker A, Garamus VM, Torkkeli M, Adamczyk, S., Forster M, Scherf U, Burrows, H. D., Washington (2010)

We report the solvent-driven assembly of a polyelectrolytic polyfluorene-polythiophene diblock copolymerpoly[ 9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)fluorene]-b-poly[3-(6-trimethylammoniumhexyl)thiophene] (PF2/6-b-P3TMAHT)-in tetrahydrofuran (THF), water, their 1:1 mixture and in subsequently prepared thin films, as investigated using a combination of scattering, microscopic and photoluminescence techniques. In solution PF2/6-b-P3TMAHT forms large (>100 nm) aggregates which undergo a transition from objects with surface fractal interface (THF) to ones with a significant planar component due to the presence of the 2-dimensionally merged ribbon-like aggregates or fused walls of the observed vesicular aggregates [THF-water (1:1)]. In THF-water and water the blocks are loosely segregated into P3TMAHT and PF2/6 rich domains, with PF2/6 dominating the aggregate interior. Depending on solvent, the spun films contain either aggregates with a crystalline interior (THF) or large 200 nm-2 μmvesicular aggregates embedded in a featureless matrix (THF-water and water). Structural variations are concomitant with distinctive solvatochromic changes in the photophysical properties including a color change from deep red (THF) to pale orange (THF-water andwater) in solution, a decrease in fluorescence quantum yield with increasing water content, and a shift from photoluminescence of individual PF2/6 blocks (THF) to efficient PF2/6 f P3TMAHT energy transfer (THF-water and water).

Partners : BUW

Place of Publication : Washington

Date of Publication : 2010/01/19

Additional Data : LANGMUIR, Volume: 26 Issue: 7

Link to the online version of the article.